Aviation Giants – Airbus
During the early 70’s widebody airplanes like Boeing 747, Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed L-1011 “Tristar” were a synonym of comfort and huge capability. After ten years of american hegemony when you look at the sky, a new opponent showed up regarding horizont and the battle took fire on brand-new territories. He exceeded the rivalry between Boeing and McDonnell Douglas simply to burst into a duel between western Europe additionally the American. The brand new airplane-manufactoring monster, which gradually ended up being gathering strenght resistant to the american domination available on the market, had been a kid of this joint-venture between France, Germany, the united kingdom and Spain. The collating for the biggest countries in europe had not been accidental, because previous every one of them alone has suffered a reverse into the try to get over the leaders across the sea – the frenchmen with regards to “Mercury” and “Caravelle”, the English due to their “Trident”. However now, at the beginning of the21th century, Airbus is the best selling airplane-manufactoring business on earth, lefting behind the archirival Boeing.
Airbus Industries had been launched in december 1970 by four consortiums: Aerospatiale – France (37.9per cent), Daimler-Benz Aerospace – Germany (37.9percent), Brit Aerospace – UK (20per cent) and Casa – Spain (4.2percent).
Airbus A 300-600 ST Beluga
The freighter made his first flight in 1994. Their assigment would be to transport different areas of the Airbus airplanes (including – wings, human anatomy, motors) through the maker into Airbus works in Toulouse, France. Due to his certain kinds, Beluga is called “the traveling whale”.
Number: 1 665-5 700km
Airbus A 300
Airbus A 300 could be the very first widebody aircraft with two motors, assigned to move passangers between the
european capital places. The airplane can carry 250 individuals in two-class and 336 in one-class configuration. The first flight happens to be made on 28th of october 1972. Ever since then 250 airplanes has been doing five versions – B1, B2, B4-200, C4/F4, 600 and 600ER.
Number: 6 968km
The second design is assigned to fly on long-range spots. The first journey was made on the 3rd of april 1982. The brand new plane features faster fuselage than A 300 and will carry less passangers. You will find four versions for this plane – 200, 200C, 200F, and 300.
Number: 9 175km
Airbus A318 is the smallest Airbus in the marketplace. He is one of the A320 household. The plane can carry 100 passangers. Thanks to the latest machines and technologies, A318 is the most rantabile plane at present. They can compete with local aircrafts like Embraer and Bombardier.
Range: 4 500km
The exploatation associated with the A-319 begins in-may 1996 given that jet flies for very first time within the colours of Swissair.
The design is a shortened version of A-320 plus in two-class configuration can carry 126 passangers. With his range and ability, A-319 can participate the dutch Fokker 100.
Number: 4 500km
Regarding air event in Le Bourget regarding 6th of june 1981, Airbus provides their newest project – the A-320.
Built on the modern airspace technologies, A-320 works well, efficient and easy for exploatation and maintance, & most important – cheaper than the the other airplanes inside segment. A-320 can carry 146 passengers and tips into exploatation for Air France in 1988. Over 1100 aircrafts have-been built since 1984.
Range: 5 551km
A-321 could be the 4th airplane associated with A-320 family. He is a longer version of the bottom design – A-320. A-321 is assigned to carry 220 passangers in two-class configuration. His optimum take-off weight is 89 000kg.
104 airplanes have already been sent to the air companies.
Number: 4 907km
In november 1992 – 12 months following the very first journey of A-340, will be taking off the first A-330. He could be the greatest two-engine airplane of Airbus. There are two variations of A-330 – A330-200 and A-330-300. The A-330-300 gets the exact same proportions because the A-340-300 but with two motors less in accordance with 335 passangers can travel 8900km without refueling. He’s in addition 20per cent lighter as compared to A-340-300 and has now take-off weight of
Range: 8 900km
Unique interest deserves the A-340 that will be built as a remedy of Boeing 777. This four-engine, long-range plane tends to make their very first flight on the 25th of october 1991. There are four variants of this jet – A-340-200, -300, -500 and -600. The differents between them will be the measurements, the capability and range. Alltogether 286 A-340s tend to be brought to the airlines.
Range: 13 805km
Ability: 262 (3-class config)
Number: 12 325km
Ability:295 (3-class config)
Range: 15 355km
Capacity: 316 (3-class config)
Number: 13 960km
Capability: 375 (3-class config)
Information supply plus: Airbus Airplanes Information
The author – Hristo Stefanov, is a publisher in Aviation World Blog.